ODE Basemap Details

The Orbital Data Explorer map interface provides access to a number of different basemaps of Mars, Mercury, Venus, and Earth's moon.

The basemap mosaics were produced by different institutions. The image mosaics were further processed into a standard GIS compatible format by USGS staff. They are available through the Mars, Mercury, Venus, and Moon folders of the USGS site https://pdsimage2.wr.usgs.gov/pub/pigpen/. The maps with Simple Cylindrical projection centered at 0 longitude were used in ODE without any changes. These maps were re-projected to different projections using ArcGIS tools for different mapping purpose of ODE. The other three projections used in ODE maps are Simple Cylindrical projection with center at 180 longitudes, north polar stereographic projection, and south polar stereographic projection. Maps in the polar stereographic projections are cut from 60N to 90N or 60S to 90S latitudes range.

Mars Orbital Data Explorer Basemap Layers

Tell me more about Mars Global Digital Image Color Mosaic

Tell me more about Mars Global Digital Image Mosaic (MDIM 2.1)

Tell me more about MGS MOC WA Atlas Mosaic (MSSS)

Tell me more about MGS MOLA Shaded Relief

Tell me more about MGS MOLA Topography (Goddard)

Tell me more about MGS TES Global Albedo

Tell me more about MGS TES Thermal Inertia Day (Putzig et al.)

Tell me more about Odyssey THEMIS Day IR Global Mosaic

Tell me more about Odyssey THEMIS Night IR Global Mosaic

Tell me more about Mars Feature Layer

Lunar Orbital Data Explorer Basemap Layers

Tell me more about Clementine UVVIS Mosaic

Tell me more about Clementine UVVIS Topography

Tell me more about Lunar Orbiter Global Digital Mosaic

Tell me more about LRO LOLA Topography

Tell me more about LRO LROC WAC Mosaic

Tell me more about SELENE Kaguya TC Global Orthomosaic 474m v2

Tell me more about ULCN Topography (Smoothed)

Tell me more about USGS - Unified Geologic Map of the Moon

Tell me more about Lunar Feature Layer

Mercury Orbital Data Explorer Basemap Layers

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap BDR

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap LOI

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap Enhanced Color

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap MD3 Color Mosaic

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER Global Colorized Shade-relief Map

Tell me more about Mercury MESSENGER Global DEM

Tell me more about Mercury Feature Layer

Venus Orbital Data Explorer Basemap Layers

Tell me more about Venus Magellan C3 MIDR Global Mosaic

Tell me more about Venus Magellan SAR backscatter (colorized with topography)

Tell me more about Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Left-Look

Tell me more about Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Right-Look

Tell me more about Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Stereo-Look

Tell me more about Venus Magellan Global Topography Map

Tell me more about Venus Magellan Global Slope Map

Tell me more about Venus Magellan Global Emissivity Map

Tell me more about Venus Magellan Global Reflectivity Map

Tell me more about Venus Feature Layer

Mars Orbital Data Explorer Basemaps

Mars Global Digital Image Color Mosaic

This basemap layer is MOC color and MDIM21 blend by NASA AMES.

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Mars Global Digital Image Mosaic

This layer uses the Global Mars Digital Image Model (MDIM) 2.1 with a resolution of 256 pixels/degree. The mosaic was produced by the USGS from Viking Orbiter images.

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MGS MOC WA Atlas Mosaic (MSSS)

This mosaic was generated by MSSS and ASU using Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) Wide Angle red images.

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MGS MOLA Shaded Relief

This is a shaded relief map from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) MOLA instrument.

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MGS MOLA Topography (Goddard)

This basemap layer was generated from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) MOLA instrument data.

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MGS TES Global Albedo

This basemap layer is a Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) TES bolometric albedo global map by Christensen.

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MGS TES Thermal Inertia Day (Putzig et al.)

This basemap users thermal inertia maps derived from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) observations of the surface temperatures of Mars taken over three Mars-years from orbit 1583 to 24346. The maps were produced by Nathaniel E. Putzig at University of Colorado.

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Odyssey THEMIS Day IR Global Mosaic

This global mosaic was generated by THEMIS team/ASU using Mars Odyssey THEMIS IR data.

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Odyssey THEMIS Night IR Global Mosaic

This global mosaic was generated by THEMIS team/ASU using Mars Odyssey THEMIS IR data.

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Mars Feature Layer

A layer of Mars features from the USGS catalog.

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Lunar Orbital Data Explorer Basemaps

Clementine UVVIS Mosaic

Regenerated Clementine basemap at USGS.

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Clementine UVVIS Topography

This basemap is a revised version of a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) that was generated from Clementine ultraviolet-visible (UVVIS) camera along track stereo coverage at the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, National Air and Space Museum, Washington D.C. in May 2000.

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Lunar Orbiter Global Digital Mosaic

The Lunar Orbiter (LO) global digital mosaic was constructed at USGS using data acquired by LO III, IV and V; High- and Medium- Resolution cameras that were projected to Equirectangular projection at 512 pixels/degree or ~59.0 meters/pixel.

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LRO LOLA Topography

This basemap layer is a shape map (radius) of the Moon at a resolution of 256 pix/deg, based on altimetry data acquired through mission phase LRO_SM_05 by the LOLA instrument.

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LRO LROC WAC Mosaic

This basemap layer is the LRO WAC global morphologic map at a resolution of 100m / pix. The WAC global mosaic is comprised of over 15,000 images acquired between November 2009 and February 2011. The WAC global mosaic is archived in ten regional tiles. Eight of the tiles are equirectangular projections that encompass 60° latitude by 90° longitude. In addition, two polar stereographic projections are available for each pole from 60° to the pole.

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SELENE Kaguya TC Global Orthomosaic 474m v2

This basemap layer is the near-global lunar orthomosaic at a resolution of 474 m/pixel (64 pixel/degree), generated using data from the SELenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) “Kaguya” Terrain Camera (TC) instrument. TC source data originated as map-projected tiles at ~10 meters per pixel (m) spatial resolution.

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ULCN Topography (Smoothed)

File created from USGS DEM.

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USGS - Unified Geologic Map of the Moon

This map layer was published by the USGS. It is represented as two basemaps in ODE.

1. The first layer contains unit contacts, geologic unit polygons, linear features, and unit and feature nomenclature annotation.

2. The second layer, which we call the base layer is a shaded-relief product derived from SELENE Kaguya terrain camera stereo (equatorial, ~60 m/pix) and LOLA altimetry (north and south polar, 100 m/pix).

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Reference: Fortezzo, C.M., Spudis, P. D. and Harrel, S. L. (2020). Release of the Digital Unified Global Geologic Map of the Moon At 1:5,000,000- Scale. Paper presented at the 51st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX. (PDF)

Lunar Feature Layer

A layer of Lunar features from the USGS catalog.

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Mercury Orbital Data Explorer Basemaps

Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap BDR

‘The Map Projected Basemap RDR (BDR) data set consists of a global monochrome map of reflectance at a resolution of 256 pixels per degree (~166 m/pixel). This edition, version 1, was released May 6, 2016 to the Planetary Data System (PDS) MESSENGER archive. It is compiled using MDIS NAC or WAC 750-nm images from any campaign that best fit the intended illumination geometry or low emission angle and incidence angle near 74°. It is controlled and projected onto a global digital elevation model.’

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Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap LOI

‘The Map Projected Low-Incidence Angle Basemap RDR (LOI) data set consists of a global monochrome map of reflectance at a resolution of 256 pixels per degree (~166 m/pixel). Each original map tile, contains a single band that merges NAC and WAC 750-nm images. This edition, version 1, was released May 13, 2016 to the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory MESSENGER Team website. The original LOI mosaic was released at end of mission, is compiled in part based on images taken as a part of the global low-incidence angle imaging campaign but also includes any NAC or WAC 750-nm images from any campaign that best fit the intended illumination geometry, i.e., low emission angle and incidence angle near 45°. It is controlled and projected onto a global digital elevation model.’

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Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap Enhanced Color

This MDIS mosaic ‘shows Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a term used to describe a color scheme created to emphasize color differences on Mercury's surface. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but rather by applying mathematical analysis to MESSENGER images, color differences on Mercury's surface can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person. This view uses a global mosaic with 430, 750, and 1000 nm bands and places the second principal component, the first principal component, and the 430/1000 ratio in the red, green, and blue channels respectively.’

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Mercury MESSENGER MDIS Global Basemap MD3 Color Mosaic

‘This mosaic shows Mercury's colors as viewed by placing images from MESSENGER's 1000 nm, 750 nm, and 430 nm narrow-band filters in the red, green, and blue channel respectively. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but rather by using a wider range of wavelengths, color differences on Mercury's surface can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.

The 3-color Map Projected Multispectral RDR (MD3) data set consists of a mosaicked global color map of 3-color image sets, as reflectance corrected to i = 30º, e = 0º, and g = 30º sampled at a scale of 128 pixels per degree, compiled from images taken as a part of the regional 3-color map campaign. This is version 1 of the map, delivered at end of mission. Instead of the value from any single image being used at a particular pixel location in a given wavelength band, the value used is the average from all of the images at that location where criteria for image scale, photometric geometry, and detector temperature are met.’

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Mercury MESSENGER Global Colorized Shade-relief Map

This is a colorized shaded-relief of the original global digital elevation model (DEM), which was ‘derived using the Integrated Software for Imagers and Spectrometers (ISIS3) and observations from Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS) narrow-angle camera (NAC) and multispectral wide-angle camera (WAC)’. The global DEM of Mercury was created ‘from a least-squares bundle adjustment (jigsaw in ISIS3 [Becker 2016]) of common features, measured as tie point coordinates in overlapping NAC and WAC-G filter images’.

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References: Becker, K.J. et al. (2016) LPS 47, Abstract 2959.

Mercury MESSENGER Global DEM

The global DEM of Mercury was derived ‘using the Integrated Software for Imagers and Spectrometers (ISIS3) and observations from Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS) narrow-angle camera (NAC) and multispectral wide-angle camera (WAC)’. The DEM was created ‘from a least-squares bundle adjustment (jigsaw in ISIS3 [Becker 2016]) of common features, measured as tie point coordinates in overlapping MDIS NAC and WAC-G filter images’.

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References: Becker, K.J. et al. (2016) LPS 47, Abstract 2959

Mercury Feature Layer

A layer of Mercury features from the USGS catalog.

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Venus Orbital Data Explorer Basemaps

Venus Magellan C3 MIDR Global Mosaic

This global mosaic was generated by USGS using Magellan Compressed Mosaicked Image Data Record (C3-MIDR).

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Venus Magellan Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) backscatter (colorized with topography)

This map was generated by USGS.

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Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Left-Look

The global Magellan Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) FMAP Left-Look map is the full-resolution left-looking radar map. It was created by the USGS Astrogeology Research Program and served on the Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Right-Look

The global Magellan Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) FMAP Right-Look map is the full-resolution right-looking radar map. It was created by the USGS Astrogeology Research Program and served on the Map-a-Planet website.

Data Source

PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan SAR FMAP Stereo-Look

The global Magellan Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) FMAP Stereo-Look map was generated using the overlapping of the left-look data and right-look data. It was created by the USGS Astrogeology Research Program and served on the Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan Global Topography Map

The global Magellan topography map was generated using the altimetry information collected. It was served on the USGS Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan Global Slope Map

The global Magellan surface slope map was served on the USGS Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan Global Emissivity Map

The global Magellan emissivity map was generated using the radiated thermal microwave energy data passively collected by Magellan's radiometer. It was served on the USGS Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Magellan Global Reflectivity Map

The global Magellan radar reflectivity map was served on the USGS Map-a-Planet website.

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PDS Imaging Annex

Venus Feature Layer

A layer of Venus features from the USGS catalog.

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